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Home City Info History Of Jammu

Jammu History

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Many historians and locals believe that Jammu was founded by Raja Jambu Lochan in the 14th century BC. During one of his hunting campaigns, he reached the Tawi River where he saw a goat and a lion drinking water at the same place. Having satisfied their thirst, the animals went their own ways. The Raja was amazed, abandoned the idea of hunting and returned to his companions. Recounting what he had seen, he exclaimed that this place, where a lion and a lamb could drink water side by side, was a place of peace and tranquility. The Raja commanded that a palace be built at this place and a city was founded around it. This city became known as Jambu-Nagar, which then later changed into Jammu. Jambu Lochan was the brother of Raja Bahu Lochan who constructed a fort on the bank of river Tawi. Bahu Fort is a historical place in Jammu.

The city name figures in the ancient book Mahabharata. Excavation near Akhnoor, 20 miles (32 km) from Jammu city, provides evidence that Jammu was once part of the Harappan civilization.

Remains from the Maurya, Kushan, Kushanshahs and Gupta periods have also been found in Jammu. After 480 AD the area was dominated by the Hephthalites and ruled from Kapisa and Kabul. They were succeeded by the Kushano-Hephthalite dynasty from 565 to 670 AD, then by the Shahi from 670 to the early 11th century, when the Shahi were destroyed by the Ghaznavids.

Jammu is also mentioned in accounts of the campaigns of Timur. The area witnessed changes of control following invasions by Mughals and Sikhs, before finally falling under the control of the British. Upon the Partition of India, it became part of India following the Kashmir war.

Once a seat of the Dogra Rajput dynasty, Jammu came under the control of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji in the 19 century and became a part of the Sikh Empire. Maharaja Ranjit Singh soon appointed Gulab Singh Ji the ruler of Jammu. After the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Punjab, The Sikh Empire was defeated by the British after Maharaja Duleep Singh was taken by the British to England under the orders of The Company. Not having the resources to occupy the hills immediately after annexing parts of Punjab, the British recognized Maharaja Gulab Singh, the strongest ruler north of the Sutlej River, as ruler of Jammu and Kashmir. But for this he had to pay a sum of Rs. 75 Lakhs in cash—this payment being legal as the Maharaja was a former vassal of the Sikh Empire and was partly responsible for its treaty obligations. Maharaja Gulab Singh is thus credited as the founder of Jammu and Kashmir.

During the partition of India the ruler was Maharaja Hari Singh and he along with all the other princes was given the choice according to the instruments of partition of India in 1947, to freely accede to either India or Pakistan, or to remain independent. the princes were however advised to accede to the contiguous dominion, taking into consideration the geographical and ethnic issues.

Jambu-Lochana

He is consider to be the founder of Jammu State, near river Tawi. He was the brother of Raja Bahu Lochan who constructed a fort on the bank of river Tawi. Bahu Fort is one of the famous historical places of Jammu.
Unknown rulers
Kirtidhara
Ajyadhara
Vijayadhara
Vajradhara
Vajraladhara
Unknown rulers
Suraj Dev..............................................c. 850 - c. 920
Bhoj Dev...............................................c. 920 - 987
Avtar Dev S/o Bhoj Dev....................................987 - 1030
Jas Dev..................................................1030 - 1061
Founded the town of Jasrota, later made the capital of Jasrota State.
Sangram Dev..............................................1061 - 1095
Jasaskar.................................................1095 - 1165
Brij Dev.................................................1165 - 1216
Narsing Dev..............................................1216 - 1258
Nominal Mongol overlordship..............................1240 - c. 1345
Arjan Dev...........................................1258 - 1313
Jodh Dev............................................1313 - 1361
Mal Dev..................................................1361 - 1400
Hamir Dev................................................1400 - 1423
Delhi....................................................1423 - 1526
Ajab Dev
Virama Dev
Ghogar Dev
Mughal Empire............................................1526 - 1530
Kapur Dev................................................1530 - 1570
During his reign the state was split between the twin sons; Samil Dev and Jai Dev. Jai Dev received Bahu as his share of the patrimony, his descendants becoming known as Bahuwals.
Samil Dev................................................1570 - 1594
His descendants became known as Jamwals.
Jai Dev (Bahu) S/o Kapur Dev.............................1570 - 1585
Parasram Dev (Bahu) S/o Jai Dev..........................1585 - 1610
Sangram..................................................1594 - 1624
Ancestor of the Dalpatpur Royal Family.
Krishen Dev (Bahu) S/o Parasram Dev......................1610 - 1635
Bhup Dev.................................................1624 - 1650
Azmat Dev (Bahu) S/o Krishen Dev.........................1635 - 1660
Hari Dev.................................................1650 - 1686
Grandson of Raja Sangram Dev, during his reign Bahu was reunited to Jammu, married daughter of Raja Suraj Sen of Mandi. Ancestor of the Aknur/Akhnoor Royal Family.
Kirpal Dev (Bahu) S/o Krishen Dev........................1660 - ?
Gujai Dev (Gujja Singh)..................................1686 - 1703
Dhruv Dev S/o Gujai Dev..................................1703 - 1725
Balwant Singh S/o Dhruv Dev (Jasrota)....................1725 - 1763
Ranjit Dev S/o Dhruv Dev.................................1725 - 1780
Dalel Singh S/o Ranjit Dev...............................1780 - 1782
Brij Raj Dev S/o Ranjit Dev.......................04 Apr 1782 - 1787
Sampuran Singh S/o Brij Raj Dev..........................1787 - Jun 1797
Jit Singh S/o Dalel Singh............................Jun 1797 - 1816
Sikh Empire (Punjab).....................................1816 - 1820
Jammu came under the control of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji and became a part of the Sikh Empire. Maharaja Ranjit Singh soon appointed Gulab Singh Ji as the ruler of Jammu.
Kishore Singh............................................1820 - 1822
Jagirdar of Andarwah and was a distant kinsman of Jit Singh. He died in 1922.
Gulab Singh S/o Kishore Singh (Kashmir 1846-1856).04 May 1822 - 20 Feb 1856
After the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1839, the Sikh Empire was defeated by the British after Maharaja Duleep Singh and was taken to England under the orders of The Company. By the Treaty of Amritsar in 1846 the British established Gulab Singh, a relative of Ranjit Singh, as the ruler of the entire region. Not having the resources to occupy the hills immediately after annexing parts of Punjab, the British recognized him, the strongest ruler north of the Sutlej River, as ruler of Jammu and Kashmir. But for this he had to pay a sum of Rs. 75 Lakhs in cash; this payment being legal as the Maharaja was a former vassal of the Sikh Empire and was partly responsible for its treaty obligations. Thus he is credited as the founder of Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu conjoined with Kashmir from 15 Mar 1846 onwards. Maharaja Gulab Singh declared himself as Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir on 09 Nov 1846. In 1948 partition, most of Jammu was occupied by India.



Source:wikipedia.com

 

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